|Beitragstitel||Digital Health for Refugees’ Mental Wellbeing (Scoping Review)|
At the end of 2021, there were more than 89.3 million forcibly displaced people worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations or events seriously disturbing public order, and this difficult experience often lead to trauma-related disorders including post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and some mental health conditions. There are often inadequate mental health services for this vulnerable population in the host country and this cause reduction in their quality of life and a more difficult social and economic integration. The existing approaches for detection and interventions do not allow to support all the people who are suffering properly as a result of lack of resources. Hence, innovative approaches such as use of digital psychological supports are necessary. The World Health Organization declared the use of digital health in improving health services, particularly for vulnerable populations.
This scoping review was conducted according to the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and the search was done in English in four databases: PubMed, Embase (with search limit to the ones which also exist in Medline) and Google Scholar from 2010 to 2022. Search terms were related to digital health, refugee and mental health and were developed based on each database features. References of included studies were scanned for additional publications not covered by the database search.
Total number of 6230 articles were found through search and after reviews based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and within the PRISMA guideline, 11 articles were selected. The articles were assessed based on the type of digital health related interventions, the outcomes and challenges.
Conclusion & Outlook |
Digital health in mental healthcare is a promising approach with the capability of promoting mental wellbeing of refugees. Regarding the challenges, language barriers, stigma toward mental health conditions and lack of technology literacy were the main issues recognized. Providing user-friendly digital programs, understanding the context of refugees' life and multistakeholder collaboration are required to improve mental health among this population. It is possible through prevention, early detection and treatment of mental health conditions.